Family Hawks, Eagles (Accipitridae)


Pallas's Fish-eagle (Haliaeetus leucoryphus)


French: Pygargue de Pallas German: Bindenseeadler Spanish: Pigargo de Pallas

Aquila leucorypha


, 1771,

lower Ural River




C & S Asia, from S Russia, Kazakhstan (possibly extinct as a breeder#R) to Mongolia and NE China, S to Pakistan, N India, Myanmar and SC China (Sichuan).

Descriptive notes

72–84 cm; male 2000–3300 g, female 2100–3700 g; wingspan 180–215 cm. Mainly brown plumage, with head and neck golden sandy buff; rounded tail dark... read more


Noisy when breeding, but usually silent at other times. Loud, guttural and far-carrying “kha-kha-... read more


Rivers and lakes, freshwater wetlands and pools; often in arid areas or steppe. In winter, may... read more

Food and feeding

Mainly fish (e.g., in Bangladesh, Cirrhina mrigala, Labio ruhita, Catla catla, Notoptera chitala, ... read more


Laying Sept–Feb in N India and Myanmar, whereas in Bangladesh returns to nest-sites in late Aug; later farther N, formerly late Mar... read more


Sedentary and dispersive, although mainly migratory in N, particularly where inland waters frozen... read more

Status and conservation

ENDANGERED. CITES II. Small population, declining as result of habitat loss and degradation and disturbance of wetlands and breeding sites. Global population estimated in... read more

Recommended citation

Orta, J., Christie, D.A., Kirwan, G.M. & Sharpe, C.J. (2020). Pallas's Fish-eagle (Haliaeetus leucoryphus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 24 February 2020).