A. O. Hume, 1872,
Rahuri, Ahmednagar, Maharashtra, India.
Has often been considered a race of O. scops or O. sunia, but significant differences in voice and morphology, and no hybridization in areas of range overlap. O. pamelae and O. socotranus have occasionally been included in present species. Geographical boundaries of races unclear, with apparent intergradation, and individuals showing intermediate characters (e.g. between obsoletus and exiguus); Turkish birds sometimes placed in exiguus; semenowi and, especially, obsoletus sometimes considered only intergrades. Four subspecies currently recognized.
In winter from E Tajikistan S to E & S Pakistan and W India.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
Only subscribers are able to see the bibliography. Login or Subscribe to get access to a lot of extra features!