Family Tanagers (Thraupidae)

Least Concern

Palm Tanager (Tangara palmarum)


Taxonomy

French: Tangara des palmiers German: Palmentangare Spanish: Tangara palmera
Taxonomy:

Tanagra palmarum

Wied

, 1821,

Canavieiras, Bahia, Brazil

.

See T. episcopus. Race violilavata generally distinctive (if rather variable) for its violet vs olive-green general colour (3), but otherwise (including in voice) appears undifferentiated. Four subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • T. p. atripennis (Todd, 1922) – E Nicaragua S to Colombia W of Andes (including Santa Marta region) and NW Venezuela (Maracaibo region).
  • T. p. melanoptera (P. L. Sclater, 1857) – E Colombia, Venezuela (except Maracaibo region), including Margarita I and Patos I, Trinidad, Tobago, the Guianas, and N & C Brazil (N of R Amazon and, S of it, from R Tocantins, in E Pará) S to E Ecuador, E Peru, N Bolivia and C Mato Grosso.
  • T. p. palmarum (Wied, 1821) – Olive Palm Tanager – E Brazil (E from R Tocantins, S to Mato Grosso, W Paraná, and NE Rio Grande do Sul), E Paraguay (Alto Paraná, Amambay, Canindeyú, also recorded in Asunción#R) and N Argentina (records in Misiones and E Formosa).
  • T. p. violilavata (Berlepsch & Taczanowski, 1884) – Violaceus Palm Tanager – SW Colombia (from Cerro Munchique, in Cauca) S through W Ecuador almost to Peruvian border.
  • Descriptive notes

    17 cm; 27–48 g. Generally drab-looking tanager with glossed plumage, in poor light sometimes appearing featureless. Male nominate race has head creamy olive, forecrown... read more

    Voice

    Song, often from top of palm spike, a rapid unmusical stream of high squeaky, twittering and clear... read more

    Habitat

    Wide variety of habitats. Widespread in shrubby clearings, second growth, gallery forest, forest... read more

    Food and feeding

    About equal amounts of fruit and insect matter, also flower petals. In Trinidad ate 24 species of fruit, especially Didymopanax (... read more

    Breeding

    Breeding reported in Jan–Jun in Panama, Jul–Sept and Dec in Colombia, Jan in Guyana, Dec–Sept in Suriname, Jul in French... read more

    Movements

    Resident.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Common and widespread over much of ample range. Utilizes variety of undisturbed humid forest habitats, as well as second growth and disturbed... read more

    Recommended citation

    Hilty, S. (2019). Palm Tanager (Tangara palmarum). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/61640 on 19 May 2019).