Family Pipits and Wagtails (Motacillidae)

Least Concern

Pangani Longclaw (Macronyx aurantiigula)


French: Sentinelle dorée German: Panganipieper Spanish: Bisbita de Pangani

Macronyx aurantiigula


, 1891,

Pangani River, east Tanzania


Birds from S Kenya sometimes separated as race subocularis. Monotypic.


S & SE Somalia, SE Kenya (S on coast to Mombasa) and NE Tanzania (Arusha, W Tanga).

Descriptive notes

19–20 cm; 36·6–43 g. Male has orange-yellow supercilium to above eye, white behind eye, cinnamon-brown ear-coverts; above, dark olive-brown to brownish-... read more


Song, from perch, a rapidly repeated descending “teeoo”, or “syeet syeet syeet, churrie churrie... read more


Dry grassland with acacia trees (Acacia) and bushes, and coastal grassland; also on higher... read more

Food and feeding

Prey includes insects, notably beetles (Coleoptera), grasshoppers (Orthoptera), termites (Isoptera), and small moths and their larvae (... read more


In all months except Aug and Oct in Kenya and Tanzania. Monogamous; solitary nester. Nest built by female, with male in attendance, a cup... read more


Presumed resident in Somalia. Probably some local movements in Kenya; has been noted as absent from... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Uncommon in Somalia, occurring in narrow strip within 100 km of SE coast. Common in Kenya, where fairly common through year in Tsavo East National... read more

Recommended citation

Tyler, S. (2020). Pangani Longclaw (Macronyx aurantiigula). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 20 February 2020).