P. L. Sclater, 1859,
Matos, about 15 miles [c. 24 km] north of Riobamba, Ecuador.
More closely related to C. inornata than to C. analis#R. Race oreophila often treated as a separate species, but differences (including vocal) do not appear strong. Tepui race duncani has a distinctly brown-tinged belly (2); varyingly dark-streaked back (1); typically brown edges to the remiges (1); and usually rather shorter wings (not measured). HBW also reported a difference in ecology, but assertion there that its whistle is low-pitched requires corroboration#R. Birds in Serranía de la Neblina, on S Venezuela–N Brazil border, have noticeably darker plumage than others, and may merit taxonomic recognition; study required. Three subspecies recognized.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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