Family Tanagers (Thraupidae)

Least Concern

Parrot-billed Seedeater (Sporophila peruviana)


French: Sporophile perroquet German: Papageischnabelspelzer Spanish: Semillero peruano

Callyrhynchus peruvianus


, 1842,

Callao, Peru


This species was previously placed in its own genus, Neorhynchus, on account of its large and oddly shaped bill, but is well placed in present genus. Race devronis somewhat smaller, but no differences in voice or plumage. Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • S. p. devronis (J. P. Verreaux, 1852) – W Ecuador (from Manabí) S along coast to NW Peru (Tumbes).
  • S. p. peruviana (Lesson, 1842) – coast of Peru from La Libertad S to Ica.
  • Descriptive notes

    10·5–12·5 cm; mean 12·6 g. Largely typical seedeater in its small size, but with massively thick bill showing distinct rounded culmen and slightly... read more


    Male song, from hidden perch, relatively short in duration, nasal and harsh, of only 2–3... read more


    Arid shrubby areas, hedgerows in agricultural areas or villages, overgrown fields and grassy areas... read more

    Food and feeding

    Grass seeds. Forages usually on ground, unlike congeners. Singly, in pairs and in small groups; in larger flocks during non-breeding season... read more


    Breeds during Feb–Apr wet season; in wet years may be multiple-brooded. Male sings persistently during breeding season, but difficult to... read more


    Generally sedentary. Seasonal variations in numbers and concentrations suggest that some local... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Fairly common to common. Has narrow range, although distribution covers a wide latitudinal span. May benefit from agriculture in desert areas.

    Recommended citation

    Jaramillo, A. (2019). Parrot-billed Seedeater (Sporophila peruviana). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 27 May 2019).