French: Engoulevent pauraqué German: Pauraquenachtschwalbe Spanish: Chotacabras pauraque
Other common names:
J. F. Gmelin
Subspecies and Distribution
N. a. insularis
Nelson, 1898 – Tres Marías Is, off W Mexico.
N. a. merrilli
Sennett, 1888 – extreme S USA (S Texas) and NE Mexico (S to C Tamaulipas).
N. a. yucatanensis
Nelson, 1901 – W & E Mexico S to Belize and NC Guatemala.
N. a. intercedens
Griscom, 1929 – S Guatemala S to Costa Rica and W Panama.
N. a. gilvus
Bangs, 1902 – C Panama to N Colombia, perhaps to W Venezuela.
N. a. albicollis
(J. F. Gmelin, 1789) – E & S Venezuela, Trinidad, the Guianas, and N & NE Brazil; also (probably this race) E & S Colombia and Ecuador S to E Peru and N Bolivia.
N. a. derbyanus
Gould, 1838 – C & S Brazil, E Bolivia, Paraguay and NE Argentina (Misiones to Entre Ríos).
22–28 cm; male 44–87 g, female 43–90 g. Sexually dimorphic. At rest, wing-tips reach half-way along tail. Upperparts greyish-brown tinged rufous, mottled... read more
Song of male is a variable, whistled “wheeow”, “who”, often preceded by... read more
Mainly forested or wooded country: forest edges and clearings, open woodland, riparian woodland,... read more
Food and feeding
Diet includes beetles, moths, butterflies, bugs, bees, wasps, antlions, ants and Orthoptera. Forages by making short sallies from ground,... read more
Breeds Mar–Jul in Texas, late Mar to late Jun in Mexico, Feb–May in Nicaragua and Costa Rica, late Feb to Jun in Panama, Jan... read more
Most populations appear to be largely sedentary. Race merrilli partially migratory,... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Data from many regions surprisingly scarce, but considered fairly common to abundant throughout much of range, generally occurring in a variety of... read more
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