French: Élanion perle German: Perlaar Spanish: Elanio enano
tableland of Bahia, Brazil
Subspecies and Distribution
G. s. leonae
C. Chubb, 1918 – SE El Salvador, S Honduras#R, W Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama#R, and N & E Colombia through Venezuela and Trinidad to Guyana and Suriname, and S to NE Ecuador and Brazil N of R Amazon.
G. s. magnus
C. Chubb, 1918 – W Ecuador and NW Peru.
G. s. swainsonii
Vigors, 1825 – Brazil S of R Amazon S to E Peru, N & E Bolivia (in La Paz, Beni, Santa Cruz and Tarija#R), Paraguay and N Argentina.
20–28 cm; male 94–120 g; wingspan 45–55 cm. Very small and falcon-like. Blackish above, mostly white below with black patch on side of breast and rusty... read more
Mainly silent but occasionally gives a high-pitched “kitt-y, kitt-y, kitt-y”, or... read more
Dry to arid regions, shrubby pasture, savanna, cerrado and open tropical woodland; occurs... read more
Food and feeding
Predominantly small lizards (especially geckos), which constituted 90% of identified prey items in Trinidad; also large insects (e.g.... read more
Season variable, perhaps related to rains. Flimsy twig nest built 5 m up at tip of horizontal branch; on Trinidad, nests c. 18–20 m... read more
Apparently sedentary, but has responded to forest clearance by spreading into areas. Young birds... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). CITES II. Locally distributed and not generally common, but probably benefits from forest destruction, e.g. numerous in partly... read more
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