Family Parrots (Psittacidae)


Pearly Parakeet (Pyrrhura lepida)


French: Conure perlée German: Blausteißsittich Spanish: Cotorra pulcra
Other common names: Pearly Conure

Sittace lepida


, 1832,

Amazonian Brazil


Confused taxonomic history: until recently known as P. perlata, but that name is actually applicable to form long known as P. rhodogaster; present species consequently assumes its next oldest name, P. lepida. Forms a parapatric species-pair with P. perlata, with which sometimes considered conspecific; recent molecular phylogeny indicated that closest relatives of these two are P. frontalis and P. molinae#R. Three subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • P. l. lepida (Wagler, 1832) – NE Pará and NW Maranhão, in NC Brazil.
  • P. l. anerythra Neumann, 1927 – E Pará from R Xingu to R Tocantins (NC Brazil).
  • P. l. coerulescens Neumann, 1927 – C & NE Maranhão (NC Brazil).
  • A feral population (unknown subspecies) exists in Pernambuco, NE Brazil#R.

    Descriptive notes

    24 cm; 70–80 g. Head dark brown, slightly mottled buff on nape, bare orbital ring whitish, cheeks dull blue-green, ear-coverts buff; upper breast and sides of neck... read more


    Most calls possess a rather grating quality, the notes usually given in fast series, e.g. “krree... read more


    Humid terra firme forest, forest edge and secondary growth, sometimes ranging into... read more

    Food and feeding

    Few data, other than vegetable material found in a stomach and has been observed feeding on fruits of Trema micrantha (Ulmaceae)... read more


    No information; a female was in 100% moult in Sept.


    No information.

    Status and conservation

    VULNERABLE. CITES II. Population most recently estimated by BirdLife International at 6700 mature individuals. Range generally similar to that of Guaruba guarouba,... read more

    Recommended citation

    Collar, N., Kirwan, G.M., Boesman, P. & Sharpe, C.J. (2019). Pearly Parakeet (Pyrrhura lepida). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 14 December 2019).