Family Pigeons, Doves (Columbidae)


Pemba Green-pigeon (Treron pembaensis)


French: Colombar de Pemba German: Pembagrüntaube Spanish: Vinago de Pemba

Treron pembaensis


, 1940,



Sometimes considered a race of T. australis (which see) or T. calvus; on basis of differences in cere colour, it seems most appropriate to consider it as being closest to T. australis, T. calvus and T. sanctithomae. Monotypic.


Pemba I, off NE Tanzania.

Descriptive notes

c. 25 cm. Somewhat similar to T. calvus, but smaller and darker. Head, neck, breast and underparts slate grey tinged green; dark mauve patch on shoulder; upper­... read more


Very similar to T. calvus. Phrase consists of a few drawn-out, melodious, modulated... read more


Most abundant in native primary forest but also occurs in secondary growth, clove plantations and... read more

Food and feeding

Frugivorous; reported to be partial to the young fruits of the betel palm (Areca catechu) and figs; also observed perching in... read more


Reported in October–February on N Pemba, but probably also occurs at other times, as males in S of island were in breeding condition... read more


Mainly resident. Reported to be subject to local movements, presumably governed by food... read more

Status and conservation

VULNERABLE. Previously considered Near Threatened. Restricted to well wooded areas of Pemba and its associated coral islets. The small population is suspected to be... read more

Recommended citation

Baptista, L.F., Trail, P.W., Horblit, H.M., Boesman, P. & Garcia, E.F.J. (2020). Pemba Green-pigeon (Treron pembaensis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 9 April 2020).