Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)


Perija Starfrontlet (Coeligena consita)


French: Inca de la Perija German: Perija-Andenkolibri Spanish: Inca de Perijá

Coeligena bonapartei consita

Wetmore and Phelps, Jr

, 1952,

Venezuela: Zulia, Sierra de Perijá, upper Rio Negro, south-western base of Cerro Tetari, 2900 m


Hitherto considered conspecific with C. bonapartei, but differs in its strong rufous band on wing (obvious at rest and in flight) vs all-dusky wing (3); smaller and deeper blue central throat patch (2); brighter, more golden tail and underparts, with rufescent discs on lower breast (ns[2]); pale leaf-green, not full metallic green, cap in male (ns[2]); bright orange vs white spot behind eye in female (2). It differs from C. eos in its slightly longer bill (33 mm vs 30 mm) (allow 1); all golden-green vs bronze-green-tipped pale rufous tail (3); smaller, bluer, less violet central throat patch in male (2); bright orange vs white spot behind eye in female (2); rufous-orange chin and throat vs cinnamon chin and throat with green discs in female (ns[2]); underparts more golden, less rufous, so that eos looks darker on body but paler on tail than consita (ns[1]). Monotypic.


Sierra de Perijá, along Colombia–Venezuela border.

Descriptive notes

13–14 cm. Male is similar to that of formerly conspecific C. bonapartei (see Taxonomy comments), but has rufous band across secondaries contrasting with dusky rest... read more


No information.


Cloudforest, elfin forest, and open terrain with scattered vegetation, but no precise information... read more

Food and feeding

No data specific to this species, but presumably similar to C. bonapartei and C. orina.


Nothing known.


Like C. bonapartei, there is no information but altitudinal dispersal seems possible/... read more

Status and conservation

VULNERABLE. Restricted-range species found only in Sierra de Perijá on border between Colombia and Venezuela. A number of records and specimens from Colombia since 2008,... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N., Kirwan, G.M. & Sharpe, C.J. (2020). Perija Starfrontlet (Coeligena consita). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 22 January 2020).