Family Typical Antbirds (Thamnophilidae)

Least Concern

Peruvian Antwarbler (Hypocnemis peruviana)


French: Alapi de Taczanowski German: Rostschulter-Ameisenschnäpper Spanish: Hormiguero peruano

Hypocnemis cantator peruvianus


, 1884,

upper Ucayali = Yurimaguas, Peru


See H. cantator. Differs from H. subflava, H. flavescens and H. rondoni in characters given under those species; from H. cantator in its much darker-streaked mantle and back (2); shade darker rufous flanks (1); loudsong distinct in pace (2) and pace change (2); from H. ochrogyna in its darker rufous flanks (1); black-and-buff-streaked vs lightly marked, pale ochraceous-brown mantle and back in female (2); loudsong distinct in pace (2) and pace change (2); and from H. striata in its less rufescent wings (1); whitish vs buff to rufescent crownstripes in female (1); colder and more greyish on head and mantle in female (1); and “common call” typically three notes of similar length (2) and very rarely with raspy finish (2) vs long flat first note, clear abrupt downslurred (vs upslurred) higher note, then a raspy note. Birds of SE Colombia to NE Peru and WC Brazil often separated as race saturata, but specimens commonly undiagnosable#R and no difference in voice#R. Monotypic.

What do (1) and (2) mean? Learn more about the scoring system.

S Colombia (base of Andes from Meta S to Putumayo, and S Amazonas) S to SE Peru (S to E Cuzco and N Madre de Dios, except Andean foothills), SW Amazonian Brazil (region immediately N of R Amazon and E to lower R Negro, then E to R Madeira, S to Acre and NW Rondônia) and NW Bolivia (Pando, N La Paz, N Beni).

Descriptive notes

11–12 cm. Typical member of the H. cantator species group; for distinctive characters from other species therein see Taxonomy (above). Adult male is generally darker... read more


For general characteristics of male and female loudsongs, plus calls, see relevant section of... read more


Found primarily in dense understorey of humid evergreen forest, typically around treefall gaps,... read more

Food and feeding

No detailed published studies of diet or foraging behaviour specific to this taxon, but most aspects of foraging behaviour probably very... read more


Season suggested to be Apr–Dec in Ecuador based on gonadal condition of females; probably mainly Sept–Nov in SE Peru. A nest in late Jun in... read more


None recorded; presumed resident.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Fairly common to common throughout most of its extensive range. Known from many protected areas, for example Jaú National Park,... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N. & Kirwan, G.M. (2020). Peruvian Antwarbler (Hypocnemis peruviana). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 26 February 2020).