French: Fou varié German: Guanotölpel Spanish: Piquero peruano
islands off Peru
W coast of S America in area of Humboldt Current; breeding grounds from N Peru (Piura)#R to C Chile (Mocha I), non-breeders dispersing as far as SW Ecuador, rarely SW Colombia.
71–76 cm; two males 1250 g and 1350 g, two females 1500 g and 1540 g. Head and neck white, rest of upperparts including upperwing umber brown, each feather with whitish... read more
At colony, male utters high-pitched chittering calls and female makes various grunting and low... read more
Strictly marine. Feeds close to the coast in cool, rich waters of upwelling, where food... read more
Food and feeding
Used to feed almost exclusively on abundant supplies of anchoveta (Engraulis ringens), but, after collapse of stocks, may have... read more
Only loosely seasonal, mostly Sept–Feb in Peru; in Chile laying occurs Jan/Feb. Nests on ground in enormous colonies; nest generally... read more
Largely sedentary, but occurrence of El Niño causes mass desertion of area and large-scale... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Numerous, and locally abundant. Global population very large; some annual fluctuation in numbers. Population was greatly reduced... read more
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