Family Swallows and Martins (Hirundinidae)


Peruvian Martin (Progne murphyi)


French: Hirondelle de Murphy German: Peruschwalbe Spanish: Golondrina peruana

Progne murphyi


, 1925,

near Talara, coast of north-west Peru


Has sometimes been treated as a race of P. modesta. Monotypic.


Coastal W Peru and extreme N Chile (Arica), also Chao I and Corcovado I (C Peru)#R.

Descriptive notes

17 cm. Male is dark steel-blue, wings and tail blacker, tail slightly forked; sometimes suggestion of white patch on sides. Distinguished from extremely similar P. subis... read more


Not recorded; probably similar to congeners.


Open and semi-open areas, including coastal cliffs, grassland, woodland, farmland and human... read more

Food and feeding

Details of diet not documented; probably similar to that of congeners. Frequently glides; flight often slow.


Poorly known. Nest in hole in cliff, tree or building. Probable nest sites (roost 'refuges' occupied by pairs and juveniles)... read more


Possibly local post-breeding movements, as numbers in S Peru increase in Jan–Apr.

Status and conservation

VULNERABLE. Uncommon or rare and local within small range. Regular in Lluta and Azapa Valleys, Arica, in Chile. Two known colonies on offshore islands of Chao and Corcovado,... read more

Recommended citation

Turner, A. & Sharpe, C.J. (2020). Peruvian Martin (Progne murphyi). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 25 February 2020).