Family New World Blackbirds (Icteridae)

Least Concern

Peruvian Meadowlark (Leistes bellicosus)


Taxonomy

French: Sturnelle du Pérou German: Weißschenkelstärling Spanish: Loica peruana
Taxonomy:

Sturnella bellicosa

De Filippi

, 1847,

Lima, Peru

.

Sometimes treated as conspecific with L. loyca or with both L. loyca and L. defilippii. Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • L. b. bellicosus (De Filippi, 1847) – SW Colombia (Nariño) and W Ecuador S to C Peru (Junín).
  • L. b. albipes R. A. Philippi [Krumwiede] & Landbeck, 1861 – SW Peru (Ica) S along Pacific slope of Andes to extreme N Chile (Arica, Tarapacá).
  • Descriptive notes

    Male average 20·5 cm, 78·5 g; female average 61·4 g. Male nominate race is mostly greyish-brown with blackish streaks above, head and side of neck... read more

    Voice

    Male flight song complex and variable, not very musical, ending in buzzy note, the whole lasting c... read more

    Habitat

    Meadows, grassland and agricultural land; in coastal deserts found at oases or in irrigated fields... read more

    Food and feeding

    Rather scant information. Diet presumably mostly arthropods, small vertebrates, seeds and some fruit. One stomach from Ecuador contained... read more

    Breeding

    Season Mar–May in Ecuador and Oct–Nov in Chile. Mating system not known. Male has short up-and down flight display accompanied... read more

    Movements

    Apparently resident. Altitudinal movements probable in highlands.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Reasonably common. Has recently expanded its distribution following conversion of woodlands into pasture.

    Recommended citation

    Fraga, R. (2019). Peruvian Meadowlark (Leistes bellicosus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/62327 on 24 August 2019).