French: Phénopèple luisant German: Trauerseidenschnäpper Spanish: Capulinero negro
Two subspecies recognized.
Subspecies and Distribution
P. n. lepida
Van Tyne, 1925 – SW USA (California E to W Texas) and NW Mexico (S to S Baja California, S Sonora and Chihuahua); in winter S to S Tamaulipas and C San Luis Potosí.
P. n. nitens
(Swainson, 1838) – S USA (S Texas) S to S Mexican Plateau (S Chihuahua, NW Durango and SW Tamaulipas S to S Hidalgo; in winter S to NW Oaxaca).
18–21 cm; 22 g. Slender, with prominent crest and long tail. Male is glossy black, with white wing patches (visible in flight or when wing extended); iris red; bill and... read more
Contact call a mellow rising “wurp”; harsh “churr” note during chases and... read more
In SW USA, occupies deserts in Oct–Apr and riparian woodland in May–Sept; highest... read more
Food and feeding
Small berries and flying insects. Nestling diet as adult’s. Forages at variety of fruiting shrubs with small berries (less than 5 mm... read more
Nesting seasons in USA brief, coinciding with availability of fruit and insects, Feb–Apr in desert and May–Jul in riparian... read more
Short-distance migrant in USA; leaves desert late Mar to early May (timing dependent on food supply... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Fairly common. Estimates of numbers suggest that population declines have occurred, in USA at least, as a result of habitat loss associated with... read more
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