vicinity of Manila, Philippines.
Closely related to M. rufipennis, M. emiliana, M. magna, M. amboinensis and M. phasianella, and all six sometimes considered conspecific; present species perhaps closest to M. emiliana or M. phasianella, having at times been listed as a race of one or other; species limits of group poorly understood, and further study required in order to clarify precise relationships within this whole complex. Birds of Batan sometimes separated as race septentrionalis. Two subspecies recognized.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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