Family Typical Owls (Strigidae)


Philippine Eagle-owl (Bubo philippensis)


French: Grand-duc des Philippines German: Streifenuhu Spanish: Búho filipino

Pseudoptynx philippensis


, 1851,



In the past was sometimes placed in monotypic genus Pseudoptynx. No obvious close relatives. Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • B. p. philippensis (Kaup, 1851) – Luzon and Catanduanes (N Philippines).
  • B. p. mindanensis (Ogilvie-Grant, 1906) – E & SE Philippines on Samar, Leyte and Mindanao; recently recorded on Bohol.
  • Descriptive notes

    40–43 cm; no data on body mass. Smallish, rufous eagle-owl with small, outward-slanting ear tufts. Facial disc rufous-buff; head, breast and upperparts tawny-rufous... read more


    Varied and not well understood. Male reported to give series of low staccato notes at intervals of... read more


    Lowland forest, forest edge and lower montane forest, often near rivers or lakes. Also found... read more

    Food and feeding

    No information; large and powerful feet and bill suggest that diet composed of small mammals or birds.


    No information from wild birds. Has nested in captivity multiple times at the NFEFI-Biodiversity Conservation Centre, Negros Occidental,... read more



    Status and conservation

    VULNERABLE. Previously listed as Endangered. CITES II. Rare; very few recent records, most from Luzon; unexpected sighting in 1994 on Bohol, where previously unrecorded;... read more

    Recommended citation

    Holt, D.W., Berkley, R., Deppe, C., Enríquez Rocha, P., Petersen, J.L., Rangel Salazar, J.L., Segars, K.P., Wood, K.L., de Juana, E. & Marks, J.S. (2020). Philippine Eagle-owl (Bubo philippensis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 25 February 2020).