Family Hawks, Eagles (Accipitridae)

Critically Endangered

Philippine Eagle (Pithecophaga jefferyi)


French: Pithécophage des Philippines German: Affenadler Spanish: Águila monera
Other common names: Great Philippine Eagle, Monkey-eating Eagle

Pithecophaga jefferyi


, 1896,

Samar, Philippine Islands




Larger islands of N & E Philippines: Luzon, Samar, Leyte and Mindanao.

Descriptive notes

90–100 cm; 4700–8000 g; wingspan 184–202 cm. Huge eagle with large deep bill and long nape feathers forming ragged crest. Crown, crest and nape buff with... read more


Most common call is a repeated, drawn-out mellow whistle “wheeeeuw” lasting c. 0... read more


Preferred habitat is primary dipterocarp forest and residual gallery forest from sea-level to 2000... read more

Food and feeding

Feeds mainly on flying lemurs (Cynocephalus) and palm civets (Paradoxurus); less often monkeys; wide variety of other... read more


Breeding activity begins in Sept; laying Oct–Dec. Huge nest built by pair 30+ m up in canopy of enormous tree; nest usually placed on... read more



Status and conservation

CRITICALLY ENDANGERED. CITES I. Previously considered Endangered. One of the world's most endangered birds. Global population calculated to be 90-250 pairs, or 180-500... read more

Recommended citation

Clark, W.S., Sharpe, C.J., Boesman, P. & Marks, J.S. (2020). Philippine Eagle (Pithecophaga jefferyi). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 24 February 2020).