Family Falcons, Caracaras (Falconidae)

Least Concern

Philippine Falconet (Microhierax erythrogenys)


French: Fauconnet des Philippines German: Zweifarbenfälkchen Spanish: Falconete filipino

Hierax erythrogenys


, 1831,

near Manila, Luzon, Philippines


Species name often erroneously spelt as erythrogonys. S populations (Samar, Leyte and Cebu to Mindanao) previously considered to constitute subspecies meridionalis on account of larger size, but specimen analysis indicates stepped cline in size across islands in Philippine archipelago and no clear case for separate subspecies#R. Monotypic.


Philippine Is: Luzon, Catanduanes, Mindoro, Panay, Negros, Cebu (possibly extinct), Bohol, Samar, Leyte, Calicoan and Mindanao.

Descriptive notes

15–18 cm; 37–52 g (both sexes); wingspan 32–37 cm. Typical falconet, with pointed wings and square-ended tail, lacking any rufous in plumage. Solid glossy... read more


Apparently undescribed in the literature, but gives an oft-repeated, slightly squeaky hissing call... read more


Open wet forest, forest edge and clearings in vicinity of rivers and streams, mostly from 300 to... read more

Food and feeding

Preys primarily on insects, with a few arboreal lizards; in one study most of insects were dragonflies (Odonata), but also takes many... read more


Usually Mar–May; copulation seen in mid Feb. Nests in old barbet or woodpecker holes in dead trees, usually 6–15+ m above... read more



Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). CITES II. Fairly common to common in forest habitat. Not immediately threatened overall, but extirpated from many areas which have... read more

Recommended citation

Clark, W.S. & Kirwan, G.M. (2020). Philippine Falconet (Microhierax erythrogenys). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 26 February 2020).