Family Pigeons, Doves (Columbidae)

Least Concern

Philippine Green-pigeon (Treron axillaris)


French: Colombar des Philippines German: Philippinen-Pompadourtaube Spanish: Vinago axilar

Osmotreron axillaris


, 1855,

no locality = Philippines


Previously considered conspecific with T. pompadora. Within this group, present species differs from both T. phayrei and T. affinis on account of its red cere on base of bill (2), much larger bill (no measurements taken; at least 1), bluish-grey vs reddish-pink legs and feet (3), blackish-grey carpal area (ns[2]), white vs creamy-brown undertail-coverts (3), plus various further characters in relation to one or other of phayrei and affinis#R. Four subspecies currently recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • T. a. amadoni Parkes, 1965 – N Luzon (N Philippines).
  • T. a. axillaris (Bonaparte, 1855) – S Luzon, Polillo, Alabat, Catanduanes, Lubang and Mindoro (N Philippines).
  • T. a. canescens Parkes, 1965 – Burias and Tablas S to Mindanao and Basilan (C, E & S Philippines).
  • T. a. everetti (Rothschild, 1894) – Sulu Archipelago.
  • Descriptive notes

    c. 28 cm; 108·2–240·7 g (amadoni), 176·6–219·4 g (axillaris), 165·3–257·1 g (canescens). Medium-large green-pigeon. Male nominate race has forehead... read more


    Produces a mournful “coo”; also a series of modulated, mellow whistles.


    Occurs in primary and secondary evergreen forest and forest patches, from lowlands up to c. 1000 m. read more

    Food and feeding

    Frugivorous, but nothing published concerning dietary specifics. Arboreal; large flocks may gather at fruiting trees in Sept–Jan, in... read more


    Mainly reported in May–Jun, but female collected on Luzon in Apr had an egg ready to be laid. Nest a flimsy platform of sticks placed on... read more


    Performs altitudinal movements, largely in response to fruiting periods of higher-altitude and... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Extensive range (estimated at 275,000 km²), but overall estimate of population lacking, though thought to be declining. Subject to... read more

    Recommended citation

    del Hoyo, J., Collar, N. & Kirwan, G.M. (2020). Philippine Green-pigeon (Treron axillaris). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 29 February 2020).