Family Old World Orioles (Oriolidae)

Least Concern

Philippine Oriole (Oriolus steerii)


French: Loriot des Philippines German: Philippinenpirol Spanish: Oropéndola filipina

Oriolus steerii


, 1877,

Negros and Basilan = Negros, Philippines


Forms a clade with O. xanthonotus, O. albiloris and O. isabellae#R, and in past, all were sometimes grouped in a separate genus, Xanthonotus. Often considered conspecific with O. albiloris (which see). Previously included in O. xanthonotus#R. Proposed race nigrostriatus (Negros and Masbate) is synonym of nominate. Five subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • O. s. steerii Sharpe, 1877 – Masbate and Negros, in C Philippines.
  • O. s. assimilis Tweeddale, 1878 – Cebu, in C Philippines (possibly extinct).
  • O. s. samarensis Steere, 1890 – Samar, Leyte, Bohol and E Mindanao, in EC & SE Philippines.
  • O. s. basilanicus Ogilvie-Grant, 1896 – Basilan and W Mindanao, in S Philippines.
  • O. s. cinereogenys Bourns & Worcester, 1894 – Sulu Archipelago (Tawitawi and Bongao, possibly also Baliungan).
  • Descriptive notes

    18–20 cm; 45–48 g. Nominate race has crown, neck and most of upperparts bright olive-green, rump yellow; lores grey, ear-coverts washed greenish; upperwing grey,... read more


    Loud, hollow and melodious. Nominate race has trumpet-like high-pitched “per-jek”,... read more


    Forest, forest edge and second growth, below 1200 m.

    Food and feeding

    No information on diet. Forages alone, in pairs or in small flocks, mainly in canopy; sometimes joins mixed-species flocks.   read more


    No information.



    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Species is fairly common to common in parts of its range, which extends over an estimated 400,000 km². Population is believed to... read more

    Recommended citation

    Walther, B., Jones, P. & Kirwan, G.M. (2020). Philippine Oriole (Oriolus steerii). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 21 January 2020).