Lepanto, northern Luzon.
Hitherto treated as conspecific with B. montana (and with the other six species now separated from this “parent”), but differs from all except B. erythrogyna and B. montana in characters given under those species, and from latter two species by (in female) rusty or dark brown throat (2); dark greyish or dark brownish underparts (2); and either (vs montana) lack of chestnut on flanks and lower upperparts (3) or (vs erythrogyna) lack of bold rufous on breast to belly and parts of head (3) and lack of chestnut tail (2). However, race mindanensis, although grouping with S Philippine taxa in female coloration, has a highly distinctive song (4)#R, in addition to which a population in South Cotabato, Mindanao, sings very differently and is elevationally parapatric (800–1000 m vs 1100 m upwards)#R, thus seemingly a separate species (i.e. potentially at least three species in the archipelago). Seven subspecies recognized.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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