Family Trogons (Trogonidae)

Least Concern

Philippine Trogon (Harpactes ardens)


French: Trogon des Philippines German: Philippinentrogon Spanish: Trogón filipino

Trogon ardens


, 1826,

Mindanao, Philippines


One molecular study found this species to be sister to H. diardii and H. erythrocephalus#R. Five subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • H. a. herberti Parkes, 1970 – NE Luzon, in N Philippines.
  • H. a. luzoniensis Rand & Rabor, 1952 – Luzon (except NE), Marinduque and Catanduanes.
  • H. a. minor Manuel, 1958 – Polillo Is, off E Luzon.
  • H. a. linae Rand & Rabor, 1959 – Samar, Biliran, Leyte and Bohol, in EC Philippines.
  • H. a. ardens (Temminck, 1826) – Dinagat, Mindanao and Basilan, in SE Philippines.
  • Descriptive notes

    29–30 cm; 82–114 g. Male nominate race has bill yellow with bright green base, head and throat black with violet-blue facial skin, crown suffused maroon; neck and... read more


    Descending series of soft notes that rise and accelerate, then gradually descend and slow towards... read more


    Lower and middle strata of primary forest of all types (including on ultrabasic rock) except mossy... read more

    Food and feeding

    Grasshoppers recorded. On Mindanao, a bird in flight seen plucking a 20-cm stick-insect off a branch, then flying off to eat it nearby.


    Mar–May; nestlings and juveniles in Apr–Jun. Nest in hole in tree; one located 6 m up in dead tree, another 2 m above ground in... read more


    Apparently resident, although some altitudinal movements may occur.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). May have declined substantially since 19th century, when said by explorers to be abundant from Luzon to Basilan, whereas today it is... read more

    Recommended citation

    Collar, N. (2019). Philippine Trogon (Harpactes ardens). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 22 August 2019).