Family Pigeons, Doves (Columbidae)

Least Concern

Picazuro Pigeon (Patagioenas picazuro)


French: Pigeon picazuro German: Picazurotaube Spanish: Paloma picazuró

Columba Picazuro


, 1813,



Related to P. maculosa and P. albipennis, with both of which it shares scaly pattern on plumage; possibly also related to P. corensis. Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • P. p. marginalis (Naumburg, 1932) – NE Brazil (Piauí and Bahia, possibly Goiás).
  • P. p. picazuro (Temminck, 1813) – E & S Brazil (from Piauí and Pernambuco W to Mato Grosso and S to Rio Grande do Sul) W to N, E & SE Bolivia (Beni, Santa Cruz, Tarija), and S to SC Argentina (La Pampa and rarely Río Negro).
  • Descriptive notes

    34 cm; 402 g. Head, nape and upper breast pinkish purple merging to paler on lower breast and belly; flanks, uppertail- and undertail-coverts and underwing dark bluish grey;... read more


    Song is a rhythmic series of monotonous coos, typically starting with a single note followed by... read more


    Woodland, groves and gallery forest; also dry caatinga vegetation of NE Brazil, and... read more

    Food and feeding

    Poorly known. Takes seeds, buds, berries and young leaves; also some insects. Feeds on the ground A bird foraging on the ground. ... read more


    Recorded in Oct and Dec in S Brazil; all year round in Argentina. Builds typical pigeon nest in tree or shrub. Usually only 1 (white) egg... read more


    Ringing studies in Poconé, Mato Grosso (WC Brazil), have revealed that birds migrate to the... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Few data available, but species reported to be expanding its already extensive range in Brazil and Argentina, in conjunction with... read more

    Recommended citation

    Baptista, L.F., Trail, P.W., Horblit, H.M. & Boesman, P. (2020). Picazuro Pigeon (Patagioenas picazuro). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 19 February 2020).