Family Pigeons, Doves (Columbidae)

Least Concern

Picazuro Pigeon (Patagioenas picazuro)


Taxonomy

French: Pigeon picazuro German: Picazurotaube Spanish: Paloma picazuró
Taxonomy:

Columba Picazuro

Temminck

, 1813,

Paraguay

.

Related to P. maculosa and P. albipennis, with both of which it shares scaly pattern on plumage; possibly also related to P. corensis. Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • P. p. marginalis (Naumburg, 1932) – NE Brazil (Piauí and Bahia, possibly Goiás).
  • P. p. picazuro (Temminck, 1813) – E & S Brazil (from Piauí and Pernambuco W to Mato Grosso and S to Rio Grande do Sul) W to N, E & SE Bolivia (Beni, Santa Cruz, Tarija), and S to SC Argentina (La Pampa and rarely Río Negro).
  • Descriptive notes

    34 cm; 402 g. Head, nape and upper breast pinkish purple merging to paler on lower breast and belly; flanks, uppertail- and undertail-coverts and underwing dark bluish grey;... read more

    Voice

    Song is a rhythmic series of monotonous coos, typically starting with a single note followed by... read more

    Habitat

    Woodland, groves and gallery forest; also dry caatinga vegetation of NE Brazil, and... read more

    Food and feeding

    Poorly known. Takes seeds, buds, berries and young leaves; also some insects. Feeds on the ground A bird foraging on the ground. ... read more

    Breeding

    Recorded in Oct and Dec in S Brazil; all year round in Argentina. Builds typical pigeon nest in tree or shrub. Usually only 1 (white) egg... read more

    Movements

    Ringing studies in Poconé, Mato Grosso (WC Brazil), have revealed that birds migrate to the... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Few data available, but species reported to be expanding its already extensive range in Brazil and Argentina, in conjunction with... read more

    Recommended citation

    Baptista, L.F., Trail, P.W., Horblit, H.M. & Boesman, P. (2018). Picazuro Pigeon (Patagioenas picazuro). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/54129 on 23 January 2018).