Family Woodswallows and Butcherbirds (Artamidae)

Least Concern

Pied Currawong (Strepera graculina)


French: Grand Réveilleur German: Weißbürzel-Krähenstar Spanish: Verdugo pío

Corvus Graculinus


, 1790,

Sydney region, New South Wales, Australia


See S. fuliginosa. Geographical variation to some extent clinal on mainland, with general increase in size, decrease in bill size, greyer (less black) plumage, and decreasing white in wing and tail from N to S. Race nebulosa intergrades with nominate from Mudgee S to Eden (SE New South Wales). Previously, nebulosa also intergraded with ashbyi in W Victoria, apparently overlaping its range completely (especially in Grampian Range), to the extent that “pure” ashbyi is now considered extinct; proposed race grampianensis (Grampian Range) based on juvenile specimen from intergrade zone, and riordani (from near Geelong) likewise an intergrade form. Five extant subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • S. g. magnirostris H. L. White, 1923 – E Cape York Peninsula S to about Laura (N Queensland), in NE Australia.
  • S. g. robinsoni Mathews, 1912 – coastal ranges of N Queensland on E slopes of Great Dividing Range (from Cooktown S to Ingham).
  • S. g. graculina (Shaw, 1790) – E Queensland (from Clarke Range, just S of Bowen) S, inland to W slopes of Great Dividing Range, to Blue Mts and SE New South Wales.
  • S. g. nebulosa Schodde & Mason, 1999 – SE New South Wales tablelands and E Victoria.
  • S. g. ashbyi Mathews, 1913 – S half of W Victoria (especially in Grampian Range) W of line between Ballarat and Cape Otway.
  • S. g. crissalis Sharpe, 1877 – Lord Howe I and offshore islands (including Admiralty Group).
  • Descriptive notes

    44–50 cm; male 259–385 g, female 243–324 g. Large, black passerine, like a Corvus crow but more slender, with long legs, long, heavy, slightly hook... read more


    Most commonly heard call a loud ringing "curra-wong, curra-wong" (the Currawong Call), of... read more


    Mainly eucalypt (Eucalyptus) forest and woodland; prefers older forest for breeding. N... read more

    Food and feeding

    Omnivorous; eats wide variety of fruit, seeds, insects and small vertebrates; also snails (Gastropoda). Most food collected by gleaning on... read more


    Not well known. Season generally Aug–Dec in SE Australia. Breeds as pair, in territory established and maintained during breeding... read more


    Not well known. Some altitudinal migration, with post-breeding descent to lowlands E & W of... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Locally common. Most races secure, except for those on Lord Howe I (crissalis) and in W Victoria (ashbyi). Race crissalis... read more

    Recommended citation

    Russell, E. & Rowley, I. (2020). Pied Currawong (Strepera graculina). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 28 January 2020).