French: Martin-pêcheur pie German: Graufischer Spanish: Martín pescador pío
Other common names:
Lesser Pied Kingfisher
Subspecies and Distribution
C. r. rudis
(Linnaeus, 1758) – C & S Turkey and Israel to Syria, Iraq and SW Iran, also N Egypt and Nile Valley, and sub-Saharan Africa (except arid regions).
C. r. leucomelanurus
Reichenbach, 1851 – NE Afghanistan, W Pakistan and India (except SW) S to Sri Lanka, and E to Thailand and Indochina.
C. r. travancoreensis
Whistler, 1935 – SW India (from N Kerala S to Cape Comorin).
C. r. insignis
E. J. O. Hartert, 1910 – SE China, including Hainan.
25–30·5 cm; male 68–100 g, female 71–110 g. Distinctive medium-sized kingfisher with black-and-white plumage. Male nominate race black crown and... read more
Alert call, frequently given in flight or from perch, “kwik-kwik” or “chirruk,... read more
Small and large lakes, large rivers, estuaries, coastal lagoons, mangroves and sandy and rocky... read more
Food and feeding
Largely fish in Africa, including Engraulicypris argenteus, Haplochromis, Barbus and Clarius at L... read more
Lays in Aug–Sept in Turkey, in Jun in Iraq, in Mar–Jun in Kashmir; mainly Feb–Apr in N India and mainly Nov–Apr in... read more
Generally sedentary. Many reports of seasonal changes in abundance, but these likely to be in... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Widespread, and one of the most numerous kingfishers in the world. Densities of 9–16 individuals/km were reported along the Kazinga Channel in... read more
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