Saratov, lower Volga, south-west Russia.
See comments under O. cypriaca and O. hispanica. Has been treated under name O. leucomela, but pleschanka has priority. Names “gaddi” (Iran) and “aurita” (NW Kazakhstan) refer to hybrids between present species and O. hispanica melanoleuca, while “vittata” is postulated to represent a colour morph of present species (most literature) or to reflect ancient hybridization between O. pleschanka and O. hispanica E of the Caspian#R; the apparent scarcity of individuals displaying the “vittata” phenotype in other areas where the two species hybridize, yet its relative abundance beyond the easternmost range of O. hispanica melanoleuca, give greater credence to the colour morph theory. Monotypic.
SE Europe (from NE Bulgaria, E Romania and S Moldova) E, discontinuously, to S Urals, Mongolia, Transbaikalia, C & W Afghanistan, N Pakistan, NW Himalayas and NE China; winters in NE Africa and SW Arabian Peninsula.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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