Family Tyrant-flycatchers (Tyrannidae)

Least Concern

Pileated Flycatcher (Xenotriccus mexicanus)


French: Moucherolle aztèque German: Schopfschnäppertyrann Spanish: Mosquero del Balsas

Aechmolophus mexicanus

J. T. Zimmer

, 1938,

Cuernavaca, 5000 feet [c. 1525 m], Mexico




SW Mexico from C Michoacán and Morelos E to Oaxaca (W of Isthmus of Tehuantepec); reports from Guatemala and Belize considered erroneous#R#R.

Descriptive notes

13·5–14·5 cm. Distinctive, crested flycatcher, similar to Empidonax but more heavily built, longer-tailed, stouter-billed. Has greyish or brownish-olive crown... read more


Calls include nasal “brree” notes, richer more explosive “cheeoo” or “cheeup” notes, also harsher “... read more


Low to middle levels of arid montane scrub, mesquite and thorn-forest, occasionally in semi-open... read more

Food and feeding

Insects. Forages by searching from low perch, in fairly erect posture; jerks tail up in manner of Empidonax oberholseri. Sallies... read more


Nest made of grasses and other plant fibres, often with trailing grass streamers, saddled in fork low in thorny thicket, and bound to fork... read more


Movements not well known. Mostly resident, but may descend in winter to lower elevations of the... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Previously considered Near Threatened. Restricted-range species: present in Balsas Region and Interior Oaxaca EBA. Recent record from... read more

Recommended citation

Farnsworth, A. & Lebbin, D. (2019). Pileated Flycatcher (Xenotriccus mexicanus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 12 December 2019).