Family Manakins (Pipridae)

Least Concern

Pin-tailed Manakin (Ilicura militaris)


French: Manakin militaire German: Rotbürzelpipra Spanish: Saltarín militar

Pipra militaris


, 1809,

South America = vicinity of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil


Has apparently hybridized with Chiroxiphia caudata. Monotypic.


SE Brazil in S Bahia, and from S Minas Gerais and Espírito Santo S to W Paraná and NE Santa Catarina; old records from SC Goiás#R.

Descriptive notes

Male 12·5 cm, female 11 cm; mean 14·6 g. Male has red patch on forehead, red lower back to uppertail-coverts; rest of upperparts, including tail and most of... read more


Male advertising call an often repeated series of 5–8 high-pitched, rather soft, descending... read more


Humid forest and mature secondary woodland, to 1200 m; in N of range only in mountains, but down to... read more

Food and feeding

Small fruits and insects. Fruits recorded as eaten are those of Myrsinaceae (Rapanea), Loranthaceae and Melastomataceae. Food... read more


Few records. Laying probably in Nov–Feb. Male displays solitarily (but within hearing distance of one or two others), in small arena... read more


Apparently resident.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Considered uncommon to locally fairly common. Could possibly suffer from habitat destruction, but occurs in several protected forest areas, including... read more

Recommended citation

Snow, D. (2020). Pin-tailed Manakin (Ilicura militaris). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 18 February 2020).