Family Tyrant-flycatchers (Tyrannidae)

Least Concern

Pine Flycatcher (Empidonax affinis)


French: Moucherolle des pins German: Kiefernschnäppertyrann Spanish: Mosquero de los pinos

Tyrannula affinis


, 1827,

Temascaltepec, Mexico


See E. fulvifrons. Apparently sister to E. oberholseri#R. Reported vocal differences between populations N & S of Isthmus of Tehuantepec have been taken to suggest that more than one species might be involved#R. Five subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • E. a. pulverius Brewster, 1889 – NW Mexico from SE Sonora and SW Chihuahua S to Jalisco.
  • E. a. trepidus Nelson, 1901 – NE Mexico (SE Coahuila to SW Tamaulipas); winters S to S Mexico (Chiapas) and Guatemala.
  • E. a. affinis (Swainson, 1827) – S Mexican Plateau (Michoacán S to Puebla).
  • E. a. vigensis A. R. Phillips, 1942 – WC Veracruz, in SE Mexico.
  • E. a. bairdi P. L. Sclater, 1858 – S Mexico (Guerrero and Oaxaca, possibly Chiapas) and S Guatemala#R.
  • Descriptive notes

    13–14·5 cm; 11·5 g. Nominate race has pale greyish lores, whitish teardrop-shaped eye-ring extending to point behind eye; crown olive to greyish-olive; head side, nape... read more


    Call “whip”, “pwip” or “whiup”, distinct from “whit” call of congeners. In N & C Mexico song... read more


    Interior, edge and semi-open areas within semi-arid to humid pine-oak (Pinus-Quercus... read more

    Food and feeding

    Little known. Insects. Forages at low to high levels; similar to E. hammondii.


    Little known. Territorial birds reported in late May (Chiapas). Nest cup placed in fork of tree at middle level of forest. No other... read more


    Resident; suspected local wandering during autumn and winter, perhaps becoming more abundant in N... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Common to fairly common, but often local.

    Recommended citation

    Farnsworth, A. & Lebbin, D. (2019). Pine Flycatcher (Empidonax affinis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 13 December 2019).