French: Paruline des pins German: Kiefernwaldsänger Spanish: Reinita del pinar
Charleston, South Carolina, USA
Subspecies and Distribution
S. p. pinus
(Linnaeus, 1766) – SE Canada (from extreme SE Manitoba E to S Quebec and S New Brunswick) and E USA (E from Minnesota, Missouri and E Texas, excluding prairie regions of Midwest); winters in S part of breeding range and S to S Florida.
S. p. florida
(Maynard, 1906) – S Florida.
S. p. achrustera
(Bangs, 1900) – NW Bahamas (Grand Bahama, Abaco, New Providence and Andros).
S. p. chrysoleuca
(Griscom, 1923) – Hispaniola.
12·5–14·5 cm; 7–17 g. Male nominate race is olive-green on head and upperparts (upperparts faintly washed brownish in fresh autumn plumage), with... read more
Unusually for a temperate-region parulid, sings throughout year. Song a rapid, musical trill on... read more
Breeds almost exclusively in pine (Pinus) forests, usually in lowlands, especially where... read more
Food and feeding
Feeds mainly on insects and other arthropods; also takes pine seeds, fruit and berries in winter. Recorded as ingesting grit, possibly as... read more
Season Mar–Jul, egg-laying Apr–Jun (exceptionally Mar and Jul); extended nesting season suggests possibility of two or even... read more
Resident and short-distance migrant. N breeders of nominate race move S to SE USA in winter; moves... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Generally common and increasing throughout most of range; prone to population declines following particularly hard winters. Estimated... read more
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