Family Pigeons, Doves (Columbidae)

Near Threatened

Pink-headed Imperial-pigeon (Ducula rosacea)


French: Carpophage à tête rose German: Inselfruchttaube Spanish: Dúcula rosácea

Columba rosacea


, 1836,



Closely related to D. whartoni, which is sometimes considered a race of present species; these two related also to D. pistrinaria and D. pickeringii. Birds of Java Sea sometimes treated as race zamydra, but supposed characters (especially brighter iridescence on upperparts) also found in other populations. Monotypic.


Islands in Java Sea (Seribu Is, Karimunjawa, Bawean, Maselembu Besar, Arends), Bali Sea (Kangean) and Flores Sea (Salayar, Tanahjampea, Kalao, Kalaotoa, Tukangbesi), locally N to Moluccas (Loloda Is, NW Halmahera, Bacan, Tayandu Is, Kai Is), and through most of Lesser Sundas (Satonda, Flores, Besar, Pantar, Alor, Roti, Semau, Timor, Wetar, Kisar, Romang, Leti, Moa, Luang, Sermata, Damar, Babar, Tanimbar).

Descriptive notes

39–44 cm; 360–395 g. Head, including uppermost part of throat, pale mauve-pink or salmon pink; remainder of throat and neck pale grey; upper breast pinkish grey... read more


Commonest call is an accelerating series of 5–7 cooing notes that gradually get shorter, “wooh..... read more


Inhabits a variety of forest types, ranging from primary and tall secondary along coast to lowland... read more

Food and feeding

Frugivorous, feeding on figs (Ficus); also on flower buds of Ceiba pentandra; no further information on diet. Occurs in... read more


Nests have been found on Wetar in Oct, on Semau I, Lesser Sundas, in May, and at Karimunjawa National Park, Central Java, in Jun; they were... read more


No information. Given the species’ preference for small islands, it is very likely sometimes... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near Threatened. Little information available, but species reported to be fairly common to common locally on some islands such... read more

Recommended citation

Baptista, L.F., Trail, P.W., Horblit, H.M. & Boesman, P. (2019). Pink-headed Imperial-pigeon (Ducula rosacea). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 13 December 2019).