Family Pigeons, Doves (Columbidae)

Least Concern

Pinon's Imperial-pigeon (Ducula pinon)


French: Carpophage de Pinon German: Pinonfruchttaube Spanish: Dúcula de Pinon

Columba Pinon

Quoy and Gaimard

, 1824,

Luwak, Western Papuan Islands


Often placed in a species-group with D. salvadorii, D. melanochroa and D. mullerii; affinities between these species and the D. latrans complex have also been suggested. Hitherto considered conspecific with D. salvadorii but differs on account of its more prominent white supraorbital ring (ns[1]); dove-grey vs pale grey-pinkcrown (2); broadly blackish uppertail-coverts (2); and paler (and pinker) grey-pink upper body (mantle, breast and head except crown) forming a moderately sharp division with dark belly vs darkening underpart colours forming a continuum (3). Proposed race rubiensis (applied to birds from S shores of Geelvink Bay, coasts of Onin Peninsula E to Etna Bay, also SE New Guinea E from Kumusi R and Aroa R) refers to intergrades between nominate and jobiensis#R#R. Two subspecies currently recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • D. p. jobiensis (Schlegel, 1871) – Northern Pinon’s Imperial-pigeon – Yapen I, and lowlands of N New Guinea from E Geelvink Bay E to Huon Gulf; also islands off N coast (Manam, Karkar, Bagabag).
  • D. p. pinon (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824) – Southern Pinon’s Imperial-pigeon – W Papuan Is (Misool, Salawati, Batanta, Waigeo), Aru Is, and lowlands from Vogelkop E through S & SE New Guinea.
  • Descriptive notes

    44–48 cm; 783–802 g. A very large pigeon with a prominent area of bare red skin around eye; general plumage mauve-grey to grey, darker on wings and tail, paler on... read more


    Distinctive. A very low-pitched, resonant, upslurred disyllabic call, usually preceded or... read more


    Forest (including selectively logged areas), partially cleared areas, gallery forest in savanna and... read more

    Food and feeding

    Almost nothing known. Frugivorous; feeds on a variety of fruits and berries, typically larger ones. Forages in the canopy, including in... read more


    Few data. One nest found in early Feb in New Guinea, and others in late Mar to Apr in Irian Jaya; birds in breeding condition collected in... read more


    Very few data. Probably locally nomadic in response to fruit availability; sometimes seen in direct... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Status poorly known. Population suspected to be stable in absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats. Reported to be fairly common... read more

    Recommended citation

    Baptista, L.F., Trail, P.W., Horblit, H.M., Kirwan, G.M. & Garcia, E.F.J. (2019). Pinon's Imperial-pigeon (Ducula pinon). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 13 December 2019).