Family Antpittas (Grallariidae)

Least Concern

Plain-backed Antpitta (Grallaria haplonota)


French: Grallaire à dos uni German: Ockerbart-Ameisenpitta Spanish: Tororoí torero

Grallaria haplonota

P. L. Sclater

, 1877,

vicinity of Caracas, Venezuela


Racial allocation of birds from Amazonian slope of E Andes in Colombia, and of others tape-recorded in San Martín, in N Peru, not yet determined; both populations tentatively placed with chaplinae, but further study required. Four subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • G. h. haplonota P. L. Sclater, 1877 – N Venezuela in interior chain in Lara and Yaracuy, and Coastal Range (Carabobo to Miranda).
  • G. h. pariae Phelps, Sr & Phelps, Jr, 1949 – Paria Peninsula, in NE Venezuela.
  • G. h. parambae Rothschild, 1900 – Pacific slope from W Colombia (Risaralda) to S Ecuador (El Oro).
  • G. h. chaplinae Robbins & Ridgely, 1986 – Amazonian slope of E Andes in Colombia, and E Ecuador and N Peru (Cordillera del Cóndor in extreme N, also San Martín; recently recorded in S Cerros del Sira#R).
  • Descriptive notes

    16·5–17 cm; 2 males 82 g and 83·5 g, unsexed birds in coastal Venezuela 75–90g. Adult is brown above, crown often slightly greyer, with whitish lores; tail dark... read more


    Song 4–5 seconds long, given at intervals of 8–18 seconds, a series of 10–18... read more


    Floor and lower understorey of humid and wet montane forest and forest borders, especially on... read more

    Food and feeding

    Small invertebrates; spiders, worms, myriapods, snails, soft insects, once a bush-cricket (Tettigoniidae), and earth (up to 80%) found in... read more


    Breeds mainly in Apr–Aug in coastal Venezuela. One nest described, a hemispherical stick structure with side entrance, placed on... read more


    Presumably sedentary.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Uncommon to locally fairly common; seemingly most numerous in N Venezuela. Occurs in Henri Pittier and Guatopo National Parks, in Venezuela, and Río... read more

    Recommended citation

    Krabbe, N.K. & Schulenberg, T.S. (2020). Plain-backed Antpitta (Grallaria haplonota). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 24 February 2020).