Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Least Concern

Plain-bellied Emerald (Amazilia leucogaster)


French: Ariane vert-doré German: Hellbauchamazilie Spanish: Amazilia ventriblanca

Trochilus leucogaster

J. F. Gmelin

, 1788,



Sometimes placed in genus Agyrtria. Race bahiae initially described erroneously on basis of characters of nominate birds; its validity has thus been questioned by later taxonomists. Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • A. l. leucogaster (J. F. Gmelin, 1788) – coasts of NE Venezuela, the Guianas and NE Brazil (E to Piauí).
  • A. l. bahiae E. J. O. Hartert, 1899 – E Brazil from E Pernambuco S along coast to Bahia, with recent expansion to Espírito Santo#R.
  • Descriptive notes

    9–10 cm; male 4–4·5 g, female 4·3 g. Male has bill straight to slightly decurved, blackish except for fleshy red base of lower mandible; crown and... read more


    Presumed song is a long series of repeated single “pseeee” notes. Calls include a thin “tsink” and... read more


    Mangroves, especially Avicennia, forest edges, second growth, cerrado, ... read more

    Food and feeding

    Forages for nectar at herbs and low down at trees and shrubs; preferred plant families are Leguminosae, Vochysiaceae, Musaceae, Acantaceae... read more


    Recorded Jul–Aug in the Guianas and Oct–Feb in NE Brazil. Nest cup-shaped, made of plant wool, and sometimes Bromeliaceae, and... read more


    Some local dispersal.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. CITES II. A rather common resident of the coastal Guianas and Brazil, especially in mangrove forests. Status in the Brazilian parts of the range... read more

    Recommended citation

    Weller, A.A., Kirwan, G.M. & Boesman, P. (2019). Plain-bellied Emerald (Amazilia leucogaster). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 15 December 2019).