Previously considered closest to D. turdina (which see) and often regarded as conspecific, but recent phylogenetic studies#R#R#R suggest that it may be closer to D. anabatina. Populations exhibit greater divergence across Amazonia than across Andes#R. Races appear to be separable into three groups, which may represent distinct species. Geographically isolated “taunayi group” contains a single race, with affinities uncertain because it is morphologically intermediate between present species and D. turdina, but vocally distinct from both. Within heterogeneous “meruloides group”, significant genetic differences found between ridgwayi and neglecta, the two being separated by Andes. Remaining races constitute the “fuliginosa group”, one member of which, atrirostris, is placed by some authors with D. turdina on basis of similar vocalizations and presence of crown streaking. Proposed race christiani (W Colombia) indistinguishable from ridgwayi; validity of several other currently accepted races requires revision, e.g. neglecta may prove to be better merged with phaeochroa, barinensis with meruloides, and rufoolivacea with nominate. Race taunayi may be better treated as a subspecies of D. turdina, to which it is closely related#R, the two having evolved following separate invasions by stock of present species respectively into N & S portions of Atlantic Forest. Twelve subspecies recognized.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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