French: Élénie huppée German: Braunscheitel-Olivtyrann Spanish: Fiofío crestado
Elainea [sic] cristata
Sister to E. ruficeps (which see). Two subspecies recognized.
Subspecies and Distribution
E. c. cristata
Pelzeln, 1868 – Venezuela E of Andes, the Guianas, N, C & E Brazil (S to São Paulo; absent from W & C Amazon Basin) and extreme E Bolivia; isolated populations in SE Colombia (Caquetá, Vaupés), SE Peru (locally in Cuzco and Madre de Dios), W & N Bolivia (La Paz, Beni) and SW Amazonian Brazil.
E. c. alticola
J. T. Zimmer & Phelps, Sr, 1946 – tepuis in SE Venezuela (SE Bolívar) and adjacent N Brazil.
14·5 cm; 18 g. Small, very dull elaenia lacking white coronal patch; greatly elongated crown feathers forming conspicuous crest, usually held partially erect and tending to... read more
Infrequent fast, gravelly “jer-jéhjeh”, sometimes repeated; dawn song a whistled “chev’a’rear”,... read more
Closely tied to open habitats, especially natural savanna vegetation; open park-like savanna... read more
Food and feeding
Insects and berries. Often conspicuously perched, with upright posture, in tops of shrubs or trees, alone or as loosely associated pair.... read more
Season Aug–Dec in Minas Gerais, Brazil. Nest a cup of finely woven mosses covered with lichens, lined with plant wool, and attached... read more
Resident in Venezuela. Possibly partially migratory in S Brazil, as numbers fluctuate in Mato... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Fairly common to locally common; few records from Peru. Likely occurrence in E Colombia requires confirmation. Areas of dry forest... read more
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