Family Parrots (Psittacidae)

Least Concern

Plain Parakeet (Brotogeris tirica)


French: Toui tirica German: Tirikasittich Spanish: Catita tirica

Psittacus Tirica

J. F. Gmelin

, 1788,





CE Brazil from Alagoas S to Santa Catarina; an isolated population recently found in Rio Grande do Sul#R.

Descriptive notes

23 cm; 63 g. Green, slightly more yellowish on undersides; minor bluish tinge on nape; shoulder bronze green, flight-feathers and underside of tail bluish green. Blue... read more


Commonest vocalizations include a rather high-pitched shrill “cree” or bisyllabic “cra-creep”, and... read more


Canopy and edge of lowland and montane rain forest, secondary growth, semi-open cultivated land... read more

Food and feeding

Pulp of Posoqueria latifolia, seeds of Ficus glabra, Trema micrantha, Xylopia brasiliensis, Vriesea... read more


Probably Sept–Dec, the usual breeding season in SE Brazil, with records of nest in Sept and young in Jan. Nest in hollow in tree. In... read more


Shifts in numbers occur, reflecting local seasonal movements.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. CITES II. Common in many parts of its range, and probably now stable after centuries of slow decline as agriculture cleared out trees in many areas.... read more

Recommended citation

Collar, N., Bonan, A., Boesman, P. & de Juana, E. (2019). Plain Parakeet (Brotogeris tirica). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 16 December 2019).