Family Pigeons, Doves (Columbidae)

Near Threatened

Plain Pigeon (Patagioenas inornata)


French: Pigeon simple German: Rosenschultertaube Spanish: Paloma boba

Columba inornata


, 1827,

near Havana, Cuba


Closely related to P. flavirostris and P. oenops. Various single-island races have been recognized, notably exigua (Jamaica), wetmorei/exsul (Puerto Rico), and proxima (I of Pines), but thorough analysis indicates that noted differences in colour tone are due to individual variation, while differences in width of white margin on greater primary coverts are attributable to wear#R. Monotypic.


Cuba and I of Pines, Jamaica, Hispaniola and Puerto Rico.

Descriptive notes

Male 41 cm, female 39 cm; 250–365 g. Head, neck and most of underparts vinaceous, slightly darker on crown, greyer on forehead; back, scapulars, outer lesser wing-... read more


Song is a series of coos, typically starting with a single note followed by double notes that are... read more


Found in variety of habitats, but preferences differ between islands. In Cuba, mostly in lowland... read more

Food and feeding

Diet includes fruits, berries, seeds, buds, leaves and flowers; has been observed feeding on berries of ateye tree (Cordia collococca... read more


Recorded in Apr, May and Jul in Cuba; season Apr–Jul in Hispaniola; appears to breed year-round in Puerto Rico, with peak Dec–... read more


Makes daily flights from highlands to lowland feeding areas in Jamaica. Forms flocks after the... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Was previously listed as Endangered, but since downlisted to Near Threatened. The global population is estimated at 1,500-6,100 individuals.... read more

Recommended citation

Baptista, L.F., Trail, P.W., Horblit, H.M., Boesman, P., Kirwan, G.M. & Garcia, E.F.J. (2020). Plain Pigeon (Patagioenas inornata). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 5 April 2020).