Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Least Concern

Planalto Hermit (Phaethornis pretrei)


French: Ermite de Prêtre German: Zimtroter Schattenkolibri Spanish: Ermitaño del Planalto

Trochilus Pretrei

Lesson and DeLattre

, 1839,

Minas Gerais, Brazil


Closely related to P. augusti. Proposed races garleppi and pallidiventris are based on aberrant specimens; schwarti (Bahia) and minor (N Goiás, S Maranhão) based on individual variation. Monotypic.


E Bolivia, N Argentina (Salta, Jujuy, Santiago del Estero and Misiones) and Paraguay to E Brazil (S & E of Amazonian rainforest area).

Descriptive notes

c. 14–16·5 cm; male 4·5–7 g, female 3–5 g. Medium-sized hermit with olive-green upperparts, prominent reddish uppertail-coverts, cinnamon-red... read more


Song exhibits considerable variation: often a sequence of evenly-spaced, alternating, single and... read more


Non-forest, vegetation-rich areas, or dry forest, predominantly in mountainous regions, also second... read more

Food and feeding

Nectar of various flowering plants (e.g. Hibiscus rosasinensis); small arthropods. Probably feeds by trap-lining.


Sept–Apr in Brazil; nest records in Sept in NW Argentina and Aug in Brazil. Nest is a long, cone-shaped cup constructed of plant... read more


No reliable information available; thought to be partly migratory within certain areas.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). CITES II. Common throughout range. Accepts man-made habitats, e.g. gardens, parks. In SE Brazil, abundance varies from 2 pairs/km... read more

Recommended citation

Hinkelmann, C., Kirwan, G.M. & Boesman, P. (2020). Planalto Hermit (Phaethornis pretrei). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 9 April 2020).