Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
See D. hoffmannsi and D. picumnus (above); sometimes considered conspecific with latter on grounds of morphological similarity, and work needed to justify continued separation of all three species. Race intermedius exhibits some “striking” vocal differences from nominate#R, but plumage characters of the two intergrade in SE Brazil (E São Paulo, S Goiás, Minas Gerais) and S Paraguay; treatment as two full species not supported in later study of plumage and genetic variation#R. Two subspecies recognized.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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