Tchimulpa (= Inch’on), South Korea.
Has been considered conspecific with either or both of L. certhiola and L. ochotensis, but differs in voice, morphology and ecology. Molecular data reveal intraspecific structure among populations assigned to present species, while simultaneously suggesting that L. ochotensis shows remarkably little divergence#R#R. Monotypic.
Islands in extreme SE Russia (islets in Peter the Great Bay, in S Ussuriland), S Korea (Ulleung I, off E coast, also small islands off S & W coasts) and S Japan (Izu Is, also small islands off SW Honshu and Kyushu), probably also coastal N Korea; non-breeding in coastal SE China and N Vietnam.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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