Family Pigeons, Doves (Columbidae)

Least Concern

Plumbeous Pigeon (Patagioenas plumbea)


French: Pigeon plombé German: Weintaube Spanish: Paloma plomiza

Columba plumbea


, 1818,



Forms a species-group with P. subvinacea, P. nigrirostris and P. goodsoni; all four small species have very similar songs distinct from other Patagioenas; sometimes placed in a subgenus Oenoenas. Some taxonomic confusion with P. subvinacea; race bogotensis was previously listed for that species, with populations currently placed therein instead ascribed to race delicata; validity and ranges of several subspecies unclear#R; dubious proposed race locutrix (Bahia) included within plumbea. Vocal differences noted among several populations and races, and more than one species may be involved#R#R. Six subspecies currently recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • P. p. chapmani (Ridgway, 1916) – W slope of Andes from Colombia and Ecuador S to El Oro.
  • P. p. bogotensis Berlepsch & Leverkühn, 1890 – E slope of Andes from Venezuela and Colombia to SC Bolivia (Cochabamba).
  • P. p. wallacei (C. Chubb, 1917) – extreme E Venezuela, the Guianas and E Amazonian Brazil (W to R Negro and R Tapajós).
  • P. p. pallescens (E. Snethlage, 1908) – S tributaries of Amazon from R Purús to Pará.
  • P. p. baeri (Hellmayr, 1908) – NC Brazil (Goiás, NW Minas Gerais).
  • P. p. plumbea (Vieillot, 1818) – E Paraguay and SE Brazil.
  • Descriptive notes

    34 cm; 172–231 g. Head, neck and underparts dark grey sometimes suffused with pinkish or purplish tinge; throat paler often dull cream; mantle, back, rump, wings and... read more


    Song or advertising call is a repeated rhythmic phrase of 2–5 coos, somewhat similar to P.... read more


    Tropical and subtropical rain forest and cloud forest; also secondary growth. N of R Orinoco occurs... read more

    Food and feeding

    Takes fruit and seeds from the forest canopy; mistletoe is eaten in great quantities at certain times of the year in Brazil.


    No information available.


    Makes seasonal altitudinal migrations at Itatiaia, SE Brazil.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Widespread and apparently fairly common throughout much of extensive range, though precise details lacking; definitive identification... read more

    Recommended citation

    Baptista, L.F., Trail, P.W., Horblit, H.M. & Boesman, P. (2019). Plumbeous Pigeon (Patagioenas plumbea). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 17 June 2019).