Family Pigeons, Doves (Columbidae)

Least Concern

Pohnpei Fruit-dove (Ptilinopus ponapensis)


French: Ptilope de Pohnpei German: Pohnpeifruchttaube Spanish: Tilopo de Ponape

Ptilonopus [sic] ponapensis


, 1878,

Pohnpei, Caroline Islands


Belongs to the large species-group centred on P. purpuratus (which see); within this, forms part of the subgroup centred on P. porphyraceus. It differs from P. porphyraceus in having a broad brown-tinged black blurry patch on mid-belly vs a black blurry bar with mid-green upper belly patch covering same area (2); less yellow on lower belly patch (2); yellowish-white vs green-tipped grey terminal tailbar (2); yellower breast, mantle and hindcrown (ns[1]); slightly shorter wing (effect size 1.155, score 1). Has been considered to include P. hernsheimi; in recent years, both commonly lumped into a polytypic P. porphyraceus. Monotypic.


Chuuk and Pohnpei (C & E Caroline Is).

Descriptive notes

22–24 cm. Sexes basically alike. Resembles formerly conspecific P. porphyraceus (see Taxonomy), but differs in having a purple cap, yellower plumage, a less distinct... read more


Apparently undescribed, but recordings made on Chuuk of the territorial song comprise a relatively... read more


A forest species of apparently equal abundance at all elevations, from sea-level to c. 800 m on... read more

Food and feeding

Frugivorous, but no specific data on diet or foraging behaviour.


Few data available. Probably breeds year-round; on Chuuk, nests with eggs found in Feb, Apr, Jun–Aug and Dec. Nest undescribed, but... read more


Probably sedentary.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Surveys of Pohnpei in 1983 and 1994 found the species to be one of the commonest birds on the island, in both areas below 200 m and above this level... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N., Kirwan, G.M. & Garcia, E.F.J. (2018). Pohnpei Fruit-dove (Ptilinopus ponapensis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 18 March 2018).