Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Least Concern

Porculla Hermit (Phaethornis porcullae)


Taxonomy

French: Ermite de Porculla German: Porculla-Zwergschattenkolibri Spanish: Ermitaño del Porculla
Taxonomy:

Phaethornis porcullae

Carriker

, 1935,

Porculla Pass, 5200 feet [c. 1585 m], Lambayeque, Peru

.

One of the small hermits sometimes separated in genus Pygmornis. Usually treated as race of P. griseogularis, but differs in having much paler underparts with white vs buffy-tan margins of inner rectrices (3); greatly reduced and darker (narrow dull chestnut vs broad bright chestnut) uppertail-coverts (2); larger size (effect size for bill length = 3.8 on samples of 4 and 5 vs zonura, which is larger than nominate griseogularis) (2). Otherwise closest to P. striigularis. Other close relatives include P. atrimentalis, P. ruber and P. stuarti. Monotypic.

Distribution:

W Andean mountains in SW Ecuador (Loja) and NW Peru (Tumbes, Piura and Lambayeque).

Descriptive notes

10·5 cm; 2·5 g. Larger than P. griseogularis (e.g. wing 40–44 mm, versus 33–41 mm in griseogularis, with P. porcullae being similar in size to ... read more

Voice

Song a short phrase of three descending high-pitched notes, repeated incessantly, intermixed with a... read more

Habitat

Understorey of humid woodland and moist forest remnants within seasonally dry forest. Elevational... read more

Food and feeding

No published information, but presumably similar to P. griseogularis.

Breeding

Gonadal data indicate breeding in Jan, May and Jun in NW Peru. A nest found in Feb near Macará, Loja, SW Ecuador, was attached to... read more

Movements

No information available. Presumably sedentary.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. CITES II. Population size unquantified, but described as fairly common. Limited distribution (estimated at 22,100 km²) could be cause for future... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N., Kirwan, G.M. & Boesman, P. (2019). Porculla Hermit (Phaethornis porcullae). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/467195 on 21 May 2019).