Family Thrushes (Turdidae)

Critically Endangered

Puaiohi (Myadestes palmeri)


French: Solitaire puaïohi German: Palmerklarino Spanish: Solitario puaiohi

Phæornis palmeri


, 1893,

Halemanu, Kauai, Hawaiian Archipelago


See M. lanaiensis. Monotypic.


Kauai, in Hawaiian Is, where recent records are all from the Alaka’i Wilderness Preserve.

Descriptive notes

16·5–18 cm; 37–43 g. Plumage is slaty brown above, side of head paler, with white-stippled lores and ear-coverts, whitish eyering, whitish to buff-white on... read more


Song, apparently by male only, throughout day in breeding season, mostly in twilight, initially... read more


Inaccessible ravines in high-elevation ohia (Metrosideros) forest, favouring streambanks... read more

Food and feeding

Fleshy native fruits and also invertebrates, particularly insects and snails. Fruits favoured include olapa (Cheirodendron trigynum... read more


Early Mar to early Sept, 60% of eggs laid Apr–May; up to four broods (and up to five breeding attempts) per year. Monogamous; some... read more


Sedentary. Two individuals each moved less than 150 m from natal site, and established breeding... read more

Status and conservation

CRITICALLY ENDANGERED. Restricted-range species: present in Central Hawaiian Islands EBA. Not very common in 1890s, when M. myadestinus (now extinct) was 100 times... read more

Recommended citation

Collar, N. & Sharpe, C.J. (2020). Puaiohi (Myadestes palmeri). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 28 February 2020).