Family Parrots (Psittacidae)

Critically Endangered

Puerto Rican Amazon (Amazona vittata)


French: Amazone de Porto Rico German: Puerto-Rico-Amazone Spanish: Amazona puertorriqueña
Other common names: Puerto Rican Parrot

Psittacus vittatus


, 1783,

Santo Domingo = Puerto Rico


Part of the Greater Antillean lineage (see A. agilis). One extant subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • A. v. vittata (Boddaert, 1783) – E Puerto Rico (Caribbean National Forest). A population has recently been established from released birds in Rio Abajo State Forest, in WC part of the island (first wild nests with eggs recorded in 2013)#R.
  • A. v. gracilipes Ridgway, 1915 – Culebra I (off E Puerto Rico).
  • Descriptive notes

    29–30 cm; 250–312 g. Green, paler on underparts, with feathers edged blackish to give scaled appearance on head, mantle and breast; frontal band red, sometimes... read more


    A variety of screeches and calls, most of them rather high-pitched.


    Originally throughout forests on Puerto Rico ranging from moist montane forest down to littoral... read more

    Food and feeding

    Fruits, seeds, leaves, flowers and bark of up to 60 food-plants (44 tree species, seven shrubs and seven vines) recorded, with P.... read more


    Feb–Apr. Nest in natural cavities produced by decay, almost always in Cyrilla, optimally at least 4·5 m from ground... read more


    Largely sedentary; when formerly widespread, probably visited mangroves and littoral scrub forest... read more

    Status and conservation

    CRITICALLY ENDANGERED. CITES I. A BirdLife “restricted-range” species, endemic to the island of Puerto Rico. Evidence suggests that this parrot was formerly... read more

    Recommended citation

    Collar, N., Boesman, P. & Sharpe, C.J. (2020). Puerto Rican Amazon (Amazona vittata). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 20 February 2020).