Family Tanagers (Thraupidae)

Least Concern

Puerto Rican Bullfinch (Pyrrhulagra portoricensis)


French: Pèrenoir de Porto Rico German: Rotkopf-Gimpeltangare Spanish: Semillero puertorriqueño

Loxia portoricensis


, 1800,

Puerto Rico


Treated in Loxigilla in HBW, but molecular study places present species in clade with Melopyrrha (now Pyrrhulagra) nigra#R. Lesser Antilles race †grandis was arguably a separate species#R. One extant subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • P. p. portoricensis (Daudin, 1800) – Puerto Rican Bullfinch – Puerto Rico.
  • P. p. grandis (Lawrence, 1881) – St Kitts Bullfinch – St Kitts (Lesser Antilles).
  • Descriptive notes

    16·5–19 cm; male 26·7–44·8 g, female 23·4–45·5 g. Male has fore­crown and side of crown, chin, throat, chest and... read more


    Song is a series of 2–10 rising whistles, followed by a buzz, or a loud “coochi, coochi... read more


    Montane evergreen forest, tropical lowland evergreen forest, tropical deciduous forest, secondary... read more

    Food and feeding

    Broad diet. Feeds mostly on fruits and seeds, also on flower parts; snails (Gastropoda) and insects also taken. In one study, found to... read more


    Season mainly Feb–Jun. Nest typically a spherical structure of twigs and leaves, with side entrance (rarely a cup, perhaps when... read more



    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Race grandis extinct. Nominate race very common in woodlands of Puerto Rico, particularly in heavy forests of mountains. One... read more

    Recommended citation

    Rising, J. (2019). Puerto Rican Bullfinch (Pyrrhulagra portoricensis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 14 December 2019).