Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Least Concern

Puerto Rican Emerald (Chlorostilbon maugaeus)


Taxonomy

French: Émeraude de Porto Rico German: Puerto-Rico-Smaragdkolibri Spanish: Esmeralda puertorriqueña
Taxonomy:

Trochilus Maugæus

Audebert and Vieillot

, 1801,

Puerto Rico

.

Considered to be closely related to C. ricordii and C. swainsonii, the three formerly separated in genus Riccordia. Monotypic.

Distribution:

Puerto Rico.

Descriptive notes

Male 8·5–9·5 cm, female 7·5–8·5 cm; 3·4–3·8 g. Male has short straight bill, upper mandible dull black, lower red... read more

Voice

Presumed song a repeated twittering phrase of high-pitched descending notes followed by a series of... read more

Habitat

Coastal mangroves to forested mountain summits. Open forest, woodland and coffee plantations, from... read more

Food and feeding

Feeds on nectar of a wide spectrum of flowers, including Hohenbergia portorricensis, Vriesea sintenisii, Dilomilis... read more

Breeding

Feb–May, but irregular nesting all year round. The nest, a compact structure in the form of a small cup, is composed of dry plant... read more

Movements

Sedentary.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. CITES II. Restricted-range species: present in Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands EBA. Readily accepts man-made habitats like plantations, gardens... read more

Recommended citation

Bündgen, R. & Boesman, P. (2019). Puerto Rican Emerald (Chlorostilbon maugaeus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/55441 on 21 May 2019).